He had married Maria Poe, Virginia's mother, on July 12, 1817, after the death of his first wife, Maria's first cousin Harriet. Give me a cottage for my home Poe later claimed he was triumphant in the fight, though English claimed otherwise, and Poe's face was badly cut by one of English's rings. Biographers disagree as to the nature of the couple's relationship.  One visitor to the Poe family noted that "the rose-tint upon her cheek was too bright", possibly a symptom of her illness. ", Virginia's condition might have been what prompted the Poe family to move, in the hopes of finding a healthier environment for her. Sarah Pruitt Despite his macabre literary genius, Edgar Allan Poe’s life was short and largely unhappy. In track 9 of their 2008 debut album Le Pop, Norwegian band Katzenjammer performed a song entitled "Virginia Clemm". Poe was never able to explain how he came t…  Poe was 27 and Virginia was 13, though her age was listed as 21. It is presumed that Ellet was involved with these letters, and they so disturbed Virginia that she allegedly declared on her deathbed that "Mrs. E. had been her murderer. Others say the couple began (happily) to share a marital bed once she turned 16. However, marriage at the age of 13 was. While singing and playing the piano, Virginia began to bleed from the mouth, though Poe said she merely "ruptured a blood-vessel".  The easiest way out of the predicament, he said, "was a retraction of unfounded charges".  Poe joined the household in 1833 and was soon smitten by a neighbor named Mary Devereaux. As his friend Charles Chauncey Burr wrote, "Many times, after the death of his beloved wife, was he found at the dead hour of a winter night, sitting beside her tomb almost frozen in the snow". Virginia will always remain an example of the impact that a devoted wife can have on her husband.  By early 1846, family friend Elizabeth Oakes Smith said that Virginia admitted, "I know I shall die soon; I know I can't get well; but I want to be as happy as possible, and make Edgar happy.  This marriage bond was filed in Richmond and included an affidavit from Thomas W. Cleland confirming the bride's alleged age. In mid-1842, she developed symptoms of tuberculosis and started throwing up blood from her mouth. when she died of tirbiculosis, he was ingadged again! The circumstances leading up to it are uncertain, and the cause of death is disputed. After Virginia's death he rose from his depression to seek help with his alcohol abuse. There's no question but that Edgar was devastated by the death of his wife. Of his recent loss of the Broadway Journal, the only magazine Poe ever owned, he said, "I should have lost my courage but for you—my darling little wife you are my greatest and only stimulus now to battle with this uncongenial, unsatisfactory and ungrateful life. Their absence played a huge role in his writing. Edgar's mother also died of tuberculosis at age 24. Many of Poe's works are interpreted autobiographically, with much of his work believed to reflect Virginia's long struggle with tuberculosis and her eventual death.  According to Ellet, Virginia pointed out "fearful paragraphs" in Osgood's letter. All rights reserved. After her death, her body was eventually placed under the same memorial marker as her husband's in Westminster Hall and Burying Ground in Baltimore, Maryland. She was his cousin and he married her when she was 13. Clemm had five children from his previous marriage and went on to have three more with Maria.  She put all the blame on Poe, suggesting the incident was because Poe was "intemperate and subject to acts of lunacy". As the ship sinks, the husband would rather die than be separated from his wife's corpse. There's a famous quote from one of his essays on how to write poetry that goes something like unquestionably, 'the death, then, of a beautiful woman is unquestionably the most poetical topic in the world. Virginia’s marriage to her first cousin, Edgar Allan Poe, has always been a subject of debate. Amasa Converse.  Her father William Clemm, Jr. was a hardware merchant in Baltimore. , The "tattling of many tongues" in Virginia's Valentine poem was a reference to actual incidents. Our summaries and analyses are written by experts, and your questions are answered by real teachers. © copyright 2003-2020 Study.com. Her condition kept fluctuating which brought deep depression in her husband’s behavior. Virginia is believed to have encouraged the relationship as it had a sobering effect on her husband, who otherwise was often under the influence of alcohol. , In May 1846, the family (Poe, Virginia, and her mother, Maria) moved to a small cottage in Fordham, about fourteen miles outside the city, a home which is still standing today. Her father was a hardware merchant who died when Virginia was four years old. As the American Literary Blog points out, Virginia's death did not drive Edgar to drink. I need an interpretation/analysis of "Silence-A Fable" by Poe.  The image depicts her with a slight double chin and with hazel eyes. She had received anonymous letters about her husband's alleged indiscretions as early as July 1845. , In August 1835, Poe left the destitute family behind and moved to Richmond, Virginia to take a job at the Southern Literary Messenger. Does the poem Annabel Lee have horror in it?  Gill's story was reported in the Boston Herald twenty-seven years after the event: he says that he had visited the Fordham cemetery in 1883 at exactly the moment that the sexton Dennis Valentine held Virginia's bones in his shovel, ready to throw them away as unclaimed. Throughout his life, Edgar Allan Poe lost the women he loved, including his mother, adoptive mother and wife, many to tuberculosis. They moved several times within Philadelphia in the early 1840s and their last home in that city is now preserved as the Edgar Allan Poe National Historic Site in Spring Garden. " Some scholars, including Marie Bonaparte, have read many of Poe's works as autobiographical and have concluded that Virginia died a virgin. During this period, he courted their neighbor Mary Devereaux and young Virginia played the role of a messenger between them. He was 40 years old. A week before his death, his doctor advised him not to travel.  Virginia was tended to by 25-year-old Marie Louise Shew. She and her mother later immigrated to America upon her father’s demise. Campbell, Killis. , On January 29, 1847, Poe wrote to Marie Louise Shew: "My poor Virginia still lives, although failing fast and now suffering much pain.  Yarrington helped Maria Clemm bake the wedding cake and prepared a wedding meal. In January 1842, she contracted tuberculosis, growing worse for five years until she died of the disease at the age of 24 in the family's cottage, at that time outside New York City. Virginia Eliza Clemm Poe (née Clemm; August 15, 1822 – January 30, 1847) was the wife of American writer Edgar Allan Poe. When she was seven years old her cousin, Edgar Poe came to live with them for a while after his discharge from the Army. , Marriage plans were confirmed and Poe returned to Baltimore to file for a marriage license on September 22, 1835. place of death: Fordham, Bronx, New York City, See the events in life of Virginia Eliza Clemm Poe in Chronological Order. "The Poe-Griswold Controversy", Raising the Wind; or, French Editions of the Works of Edgar Allan Poe, The Exhumations and Reburials of Edgar and Virginia Poe and Mrs. Clemm, The Unparalleled Adventure of One Hans Pfaall, The Thousand-and-Second Tale of Scheherazade, The System of Doctor Tarr and Professor Fether, The Narrative of Arthur Gordon Pym of Nantucket, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Virginia_Eliza_Clemm_Poe&oldid=983941243, Burials at Westminster Hall and Burying Ground, Wikipedia articles with WorldCat identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 17 October 2020, at 05:18. Virginia Eliza Clemm Poe died in January 1847 after suffering for five years.  After his death in 1826, he left very little to the family and relatives offered no financial support because they had opposed the marriage. He did not seem to care, after she was gone, whether he lived an hour, a day, a week or a year; she was his all. Edgar allan poe hooks Pages: 3 (704 words) Edgar Allan Poe and Emily Dickinson Compare and Contrast Pages: 7 (1595 words) The Life of Edgar Allan Poe Pages: 5 (1153 words) The Importance of a First Person Point of View in Edgar Allan Poe’s The Tell-Tale Heart Pages: 3 (683 words) Removed from the world with its sin and care She died of tuberculosis in 1847. Lenore was the name of the narrator's dead wife in "The Raven." Did Transcendentalism affect Edgar Allan Poe's writing?  Encouraged by his employment at the Southern Literary Messenger, Poe offered to provide financially for Maria, Virginia and Henry if they moved to Richmond. He joined a temperance society and basically sobered up. It was a very visible symptom of tuberculosis — the same incurable disease which had killed Edgar's mother. After his death in 1826, he left very little to the family and relatives offered no financial support because they ha… He then lost his foster mother when he was 20, and may not even have known that she was dying. While Edgar was enamoured by her beauty, she idolized him. He never had A wife named lenore her name was in fact Virginia Clemm his cousin.  Attendees included Nathaniel Parker Willis, Ann S. Stephens, and publisher George Pope Morris. Along with other family members, Virginia Clemm and Edgar Allan Poe lived together off and on for several years before their marriage. For so we are led to believe, from frequent notices in the papers, stating that Poe and his wife are both down upon a bed of misery, death, and disease, with not a ducat in the world.  The short story "Ligeia", whose title character suffers a slow and lingering death, may also be inspired by Virginia.  Poe referred to his emotional response to his wife's sickness as his own illness, and that he found the cure to it "in the death of my wife.  Virginia also showed Poe a letter from Louisa Patterson, second wife of Poe's foster-father John Allan, which she had kept for years and which suggested that Patterson had purposely caused the break between Allan and Poe.  Biographer Arthur Hobson Quinn disagreed with this view, citing a fervent love letter to argue that Poe "loved his little cousin not only with the affection of a brother, but also with the passionate devotion of a lover and prospective husband. © 2020 Grunge.com. Her tender age and suffering due to prolonged illness became an inspiration for her husband’s writing.
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