This entry gives an estimate of the percentage of adults (aged 15-49) living with HIV/AIDS. This entry gives the total number of heliports with hard-surface runways, helipads, or landing areas that support routine sustained helicopter operations exclusively and have support facilities including one or more of the following facilities: lighting, fuel, passenger handling, or maintenance. Details on each organization's aim(s) and area(s) of operation are provided. Also see the Terminology note. This entry lists the most pressing and important environmental problems. . The Office of Public Affairs (OPA) is the single point of contact for all inquiries about the Central Intelligence Agency (CIA). See the entry for "Age structure" for the importance of a young versus an older age structure and, by implication, a low versus a high . . If you know of an imminent threat to a location inside the U.S., immediately contact This entry lists the percentage distribution of the labor force by sector of occupation. although later papers have suggested that this date could have been as longas ten thousand years ago, with the transition from the Oranian to the Capsian culture in North Africa. Many thought that majority were Arab originally from Middle East and a minority are indigenous Berbers. Sex ratio at birth has recently emerged as an indicator of certain kinds of sex discrimination in some countries. We reply first to messages of greater interest , The majority of Algerians identifies with an Arabic-based identity due to the 20th century Arab nationalism. This entry gives the basic form of government. The light blue and white areas are chalky deposits and salt crusts left behind after water in the area evaporated. For countries with 1-3 previous constitutions, the years are listed; for those with 4-9 previous, the entry is listed as âseveral previous,â and for those with 10 or more, the entry is âmany previous.â The amendments subfield summarizes the process of am .  This led scientists to conclude that the North African population was mainly Berber in origin and that the population had been 'Arabised', by the migration of Near-Eastener people. Our mission. Forty-five percent of the population is urban, and urbanization continues, despite government efforts to discourage migration to the cities. Ergs are vast areas of moving sand with little to no vegetation cover.  Algeria also has a minority population of Europeans who represents from 1 to 3%, predominantly of French, Spanish, and Italian descent. the information via one of the above methods. This entry gives the dollar value for the stock of all financial assets that are available to the central monetary authority for use in meeting a country's balance of payments needs as of the end-date of the period specified. Proved reserves are those quantities of petroleum which, by analysis of geological and engineering data, can be estimated with a high degree of confidence to be commercially recoverable from a given date forward, from known reservoirs and under current economic conditions. Third Party: Have someone you trust travel to a less restrictive environment and deliver Head of government includes the name, title of the top executive designated to manage the executive branch of the government, a . Algiers has increased protectionist measures since 2015 to limit its import bill and encourage domestic production of non-oil and gas industries. This entry provides information on a countryâs constitution and includes two subfields. This entry gives the total number of airports or airfields recognizable from the air. . Northern Africa, bordering the Mediterranean Sea, between Morocco and Tunisia, arid to semiarid; mild, wet winters with hot, dry summers along coast; drier with cold winters and hot summers on high plateau; sirocco is a hot, dust/sand-laden wind especially common in summer, mostly high plateau and desert; Atlas Mountains in the far north and Hoggar Mountains in the south; narrow, discontinuous coastal plain, petroleum, natural gas, iron ore, phosphates, uranium, lead, zinc, the vast majority of the populace is found in the extreme northern part of the country along the Mediterranean Coast as shown in this, mountainous areas subject to severe earthquakes; mudslides and floods in rainy season; droughts, air pollution in major cities; soil erosion from overgrazing and other poor farming practices; desertification; dumping of raw sewage, petroleum refining wastes, and other industrial effluents is leading to the pollution of rivers and coastal waters; Mediterranean Sea, in particular, becoming polluted from oil wastes, soil erosion, and fertilizer runoff; inadequate supplies of potable water, largest country in Africa but 80% desert; canyons and caves in the southern Hoggar Mountains and in the barren Tassili n'Ajjer area in the southeast of the country contain numerous examples of prehistoric art - rock paintings and carvings depicting human activities and wild and domestic animals (elephants, giraffes, cattle) - that date to the African Humid Period, roughly 11,000 to 5,000 years ago, when the region was completely vegetated, Arabic (official), French (lingua franca), Berber or Tamazight (official); dialects include Kabyle Berber (Taqbaylit), Shawiya Berber (Tacawit), Mzab Berber, Tuareg Berber (Tamahaq), Muslim (official; predominantly Sunni) 99%, other (includes Christian and Jewish) <1%. The runway(s) may be paved (concrete or asphalt surfaces) or unpaved (grass, earth, sand, or gravel surfaces) and may include closed or abandoned installations. This entry is the stock of proved reserves of natural gas in cubic meters (cu m). This entry shows who does the spending in an economy: consumers, businesses, government, and foreigners. . As fertility leve . Industry includes mining, manufacturing, energy production, and construction. . This entry provides a written flag description produced from actual flags or the best information available at the time the entry was written. Fighting escalated into an insurgency, which saw intense violence from 1992-98, resulting in over 100,000 deaths - many attributed to indiscriminate massacres of villagers by extremists. After 2G was launched, the previous mobile wireless network systems were retroactively dubbedÂ 1G. professional. In 2000, the government launched a major review of the country's educational system. This entry records total taxes and other revenues received by the national government during the time period indicated, expressed as a percent of GDP. Further data on ethnic groups by local authority can be found from either the Office for National Statistics or Nomis. ), Phoenicians, Carthaginians, Romans, Vandals, Byzantines, over a dozen different Arab and Berber dynasties, Spaniards, and Ottoman Turks. Information is included by sex and age group as follows: 0-14 years (children), 15-24 years (early working age), 25-54 years (prime working age), 55-64 years (mature working age), 65 years and over (elderly). Changes in the dependency ratio provide an indication of potential social support requirements resulting from changes in population age structures. 40,000 Gendarmerie. Because the level of inpatient services required for individual countries depends on several factors - such as demographic issues and the burden of disease - there is . In January 2018 the government imposed an indefinite suspension on the importation of roughly 850 products, subject to periodic review. National anthems can be officially recognized as a national song by a country's constitution or by an enacted law, or simply by tradition.  An Abassa Institute study in April 2000 found that 60% of households could speak and understand French. The age structure of a population affects a nation's key socioeconomic issues. Factbook > Countries > Algeria > Demographics.
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